Please complete the following exercises below in either Excel or a word document (but must be single document). You must show your work where appropriate (leaving the calculations within Excel cells is acceptable). Save the document, and submit it in the appropriate week using the Assignment Submission button.Chapter 2 Exercise 31. Analysis of stockholders’ equityStar Corporation issued both common and preferred stock during 20X6. The stockholders’ equity sections of the company’s balance sheets at the end of 20X6 and 20X5 follow:20X6 20X5Preferred stock, $100 par value, 10% $580,000 $500,000Common stock, $10 par value 2,350,000 1,750,000Paid-in capital in excess of par valuePreferred 24,000 âCommon 4,620,000 3,600,000Retained earnings 8,470,000 6,920,000Total stockholders’ equity $16,044,000 $12,770,000a. Compute the number of preferred shares that were issued during 20X6.b. Calculate the average issue price of the common stock sold in 20X6.c. By what amount did the company’s paid-in capital increase during 20X6?d. Did Star’s total legal capital increase or decrease during 20X6? By what amount?Chapter 2 Problem 12. Bond computations: Straight-line amortizationSouthlake Corporation issued $900,000 of 8% bonds on March 1, 20X1. The bonds pay interest on March 1 and September 1 and mature in 10 years. Assume the independent cases that follow.â¢ Case AâThe bonds are issued at 100.â¢ Case BâThe bonds are issued at 96.â¢ Case CâThe bonds are issued at 105.Southlake uses the straight-line method of amortization.Instructions:Complete the following table:Case A Case B Case Ca. Cash inflow on the issuance date _______ _______ _______b. Total cash outflow through maturity _______ _______ _______c. Total borrowing cost over the life of the bond issue _______ _______ _______d. Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______e. Amortization for the year ended December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______f. Unamortized premium as of December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______g. Unamortized discount as of December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______h. Bond carrying value as of December 31, 20X1 _______ _______ _______Chapter 3 Exercise 23. Definitions of manufacturing conceptsInterstate Manufacturing produces brass fasteners and incurred the following costs for the year just ended:Materials and supplies usedBrass $75,000Repair parts 16,000Machine lubricants 9,000Wages and salaries Machine operators 128,000Production supervisors 64,000Maintenance personnel 41,000Other factory overhead Variable 35,000Fixed 46,000Sales commissions 20,000Compute:a. Total direct materials consumedb. Total direct laborc. Total prime costd. Total conversion costChapter 3 Exercise 54. Schedule of cost of goods manufactured, income statementThe following information was taken from the ledger of Jefferson Industries, Inc.:Direct labor $85,000 Administrative expenses $59,000Selling expenses 34,000 Work in. process:Sales 300,000 Jan. 1 29,000Finished goods Dec. 31 21,000Jan. 1 115,000 Direct material purchases 88,000Dec. 31 131,000 Depreciation: factory 18,000Raw (direct) materials on hand Indirect materials used 10,000Jan. 1 31,000 Indirect labor 24,000Dec. 31 40,000 Factory taxes 8,000Factory utilities 11,000Prepare the following:a. A schedule of cost of goods manufactured for the year ended December 31.b. An income statement for the year ended December 31.Chapter 3 Problem 35. Manufacturing statements and cost behaviorTampa Foundry began operations during the current year, manufacturing various products for industrial use. One such product is light-gauge aluminum, which the company sells for $36 per roll. Cost information for the year just ended follows.Per Unit Variable Cost Fixed CostDirect materials $4.50 $ âDirect labor 6.5 âFactory overhead 9 50,000Selling â 70,000Administrative â 135,000Production and sales totaled 20,000 rolls and 17,000 rolls, respectively There is no work in process. Tampa carries its finished goods inventory at the average unit cost of production.Instructions:a. Determine the cost of the finished goods inventory of light-gauge aluminum.b. Prepare an income statement for the current year ended December 31c. On the basis of the information presented:1. Does it appear that the company pays commissions to its sales staff? Explain.2. What is the likely effect on the $4.50 unit cost of direct materials if next year’s production increases? Why?