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1)
Managerial finance
A) involves tasks such as budgeting,
financial forecasting, cash management, and funds procurement.
B)
involves the design and delivery of advice and financial products.
C)
recognizes funds on an accrual basis.
D)
devotes the majority of its attention to the collection and presentation of
financial data.

2)
High cash flow is generally associated with a higher share price whereas higher
risk tends to result in a lower share price.
A) True
B)
False

3)
When considering each financial decision alternative or possible action in
terms of its impact on the share price of the firm’s stock, financial managers
should accept only those actions that are expected to increase the firm’s
profitability.
A)
True
B) False

4)
The wealth of corporate owners is measured by the share price of the stock.
A) True
B)
False

5)
The profit maximization goal ignores the timing of returns, does not directly
consider cash flows, and ignores risk.
A)
True
B) False

6
Stockholders expect to earn higher rates of return on investments of lower risk
and lower rates of return on investments of higher risk.
A)
True
B) False

7)
The primary goal of the financial manager is
A)
minimizing risk.
B)
maximizing profit.
C) maximizing wealth.
D)
minimizing return.

8)
Profit maximization as a goal is not ideal because it does NOT directly
consider
A) risk and cash flow.
B)
cash flow and stock price.
C)
risk and EPS.
D)
EPS and stock price.

9)
An effective ethics program can
A)
weakened corporate value.
B)
had no effect on a corporation’s value
C) enhance a corporation’s value.
D)
be thought of as unimportant to corporate owners.

10)
Johnson, Inc. has just ended the calendar year making a sale in the amount of
$10,000 of merchandise purchased during the year at a total cost of $7,000.
Although the firm paid in full for the merchandise during the year, it has yet
to collect at year end from the customer. The net profit and cash flow from
this sale for the year are
A) $3,000 and $10,000, respectively.
B)
$3,000 and -$7,000, respectively.
C)
$7,000 and -$3,000, respectively.
D)
$3,000 and $7,000, respectively.

11)
Marginal analysis states that financial decisions should be made and actions
taken only when
A)
demand equals supply.
B)
benefits equal costs.
C) added benefits exceed added costs.
D)
added benefits are greater than zero.

12)
One way often used to insure that management decisions are in the best interest
of the stockholders is to
A)
threaten to fire managers who are seen as not performing adequately.
B)
remove management’s perquisites.
C) tie management compensation to the
performance of the company’s common stock price.
D)
tie management compensation to the level of earnings per share.

13)
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was passed in response to
A)
insider trading activities.
B) false disclosures in financial
reporting.
C)
the decline in technology stocks.
D)
all of the above

14)
The key participants in financial transactions are individuals, businesses, and
governments. Individuals are net ________ of funds, and businesses are net
________ of funds.
A)
demanders; suppliers
B)
users; providers
C) suppliers; demanders
D)
purchasers; sellers

15)
An efficient market is a market that allocates funds to their most productive
use as a result of competition among wealth-maximizing investors.
A) True
B)
False

16)
The primary risk of mortgage-backed securities is
A)
that the prices of housing will go down.
B)
that the prices of housing will increase.
C)
that the government will not be able to meet the guarantees on the cash flows.
D) that homeowners may not be able
to, or choose not to, repay their loans.

17)
The marginal tax rate represents the rate at which additional income is taxed.
A)
True
B) False

18)
Retained earnings represent the cumulative total of all earnings retained and
reinvested in the firm since its inception.
A) True
B)
False

19)
The stockholder’s annual report must include
A)
a statement of cash flows.
B)
an income statement.
C)
a balance sheet.
D)
a statement of retained earnings.
E) all of the above.

20)
Gross profits are defined as
A)
operating profits minus depreciation.
B)
operating profits minus cost of goods sold.
C)
sales revenue minus operating expenses.
D) sales revenue minus cost of goods
sold.

21)
A firm had the following accounts and financial data for 2005.

.jpg”>

The
firm’s earnings available to common shareholders for 2005 were
A)
-$224.25
B)
$195.40
C) $302.40
D)
$516.60

22)
A firm had the following accounts and financial data for 2005.

.jpg”>

The
firm’s net profit after taxes for 2005 was ________.
A)
-$206.40
B)
$213.80
C) $320.40
D)
$206.25

23)
The firm’s creditors are primarily interested in the short-term liquidity of
the company and its ability to make interest and principal payments.
A) True
B)
False

24)
Ratio analysis merely directs the analyst to potential areas of concern; it
does not provide conclusive evidence as to the existence of a problem.
A) True
B)
False

25)
In ratio analysis, the financial statements being used for comparison should be
dated at the same point in time during the year. If not, the effect of
seasonality may produce erroneous conclusions and decisions.
A) True
B)
False

26)
________ analysis involves the comparison of different firms’ financial ratios
at the same point in time.
A)
Time-series
B) Cross-sectional
C)
Marginal
D)
Quantitative

27)
The primary concern of creditors when assessing the strength of a firm is the
firm’s
A)
profitability.
B)
leverage.
C) short-term liquidity.
D)
share price

28)
The analyst should be careful when conducting ratio analysis to ensure that
A)
the overall performance of the firm is not judged on a single ratio.
B)
the dates of the financial statements being compared are the same.
C)
audited statements are used.
D)
the same accounting procedures were used.
E) all of the above.

29)
The current ratio provides a better measure of overall liquidity only when a
firm’s inventory cannot easily be converted into cash. If inventory is liquid,
the quick ratio is a preferred measure of overall liquidity.
A)
True
B) False

30)
The ________ measures the percentage of each sales dollar remaining after ALL
expenses, including taxes, have been deducted.
A) net profit margin
B)
operating profit margin
C)
gross profit margin
D)
earnings available to common shareholders

Table 3.2

Dana Dairy
Products Key Ratios
.jpg”>

Income Statement
Dana Dairy
Products
For the Year
Ended December 31, 2010
.jpg”>

Balance Sheet
Dana Dairy
Products
December 31, 2010
.jpg”>

31)
The current ratio for Dana Dairy Products in 2005 was ________. (See Table 3.2)
A)
1.58
B)
0.63
C)
1.10
D) 0.91

32)
Since 2009, the liquidity of Dana Dairy Products ________. (See Table 3.2)
A) has deteriorated
B)
remained the same
C)
has improved
D)
cannot be determined

33)
The inventory turnover for Dana Dairy Products in 2010 was ________. (See Table
3.2)
A)
43
B)
5
C) 20
D)
25

34)
The average collection period for Dana Dairy Products in 2010 was (See Table
3.2)
A) 32.5 days.
B)
11.8 days.
C)
25.3 days.
D)
35.9 days.

35)
If Dana Dairy Products has credit terms which specify that accounts receivable
should be paid in 25 days, the average collection period ________ since 2009.
(See Table 3.2)
A) has deteriorated
B)
remained the same
C)
has improved
D)
cannot be determined

36)
The debt ratio for Dana Dairy Products in 2010 was ________.(See Table 3.2)
A)
50 percent
B)
11 percent
C) 55 percent
D)
44 percent

37)
Dana Dairy Products’ gross profit margin was inferior to the industry standard.
This may have resulted from ________. (See Table 3.2)
A)
a high sales price.
B) the high cost of goods sold.
C)
excessive selling and administrative expenses.
D)
excessive interest expense.

38)
The gross profit margin and net profit margin for Dana Dairy Products in 2010
were ________. (See Table 3.2)
A) 13 percent and 0.9 percent,
respectively.
B)
13 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively.
C)
2 percent and 0.9 percent, respectively.
D)
2 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively.

39)
The return on total assets for Dana Dairy Products for 2010 was ________. (See
Table 3.2)
A)
0.9 percent
B)
5.5 percent
C) 25 percent
D)
2.5 percent

40)
The return on equity for Dana Dairy Products for 2010 was ________. (See Table 3.2)
A)
0.6 percent
B)
5.6 percent
C) 0.9 percent
D)
50 percent

41)
A corporation
A)
must use the same depreciation method for tax and financial reporting purposes.
B) must use different depreciation
methods for tax and financial reporting purposes.
C)
may use different depreciation methods for tax and financial reporting
purposes.
D)
must use different (than for tax purposes), but strictly mandated, depreciation
methods for financial reporting purposes.

42)
Given the financial manager’s preference for faster receipt of cash flows,
A)
a longer depreciable life is preferred to a shorter one.
B) a shorter depreciable life is
preferred to a longer one.
C)
the manager is not concerned with depreciable lives, because depreciation is a
non-cash expense.
D)
the manager is not concerned with depreciable lives, because once purchased,
depreciation is considered a sunk cost.

43)
A corporation sold a fixed asset for $100,000. This is
A) an investment cash flow and a
source of funds.
B)
an operating cash flow and a source of funds.
C)
an operating cash flow and a use of funds.
D)
an investment cash flow and a use of funds.

44)
Pro forma statements are used for
A) cash budgeting.
B)
credit analysis.
C)
profit planning.
D)
leverage analysis.

45)
The future value of $100 received today and deposited at 6 percent for four
years is
A) $126.
B)
$ 79.
C)
$124.
D)
$116.

46)
The present value of $100 to be received 10 years from today, assuming an
opportunity cost of 9 percent, is
A)
$236.
B)
$699.
C) $ 42.
D)
$ 75.

47)
Bill plans to fund his individual retirement account (IRA) with the maximum
contribution of $2,000 at the end of each year for the next 20 years. If Bill
can earn 12 percent on his contributions, how much will he have at the end of
the twentieth year?
A)
$19,292
B)
$14,938
C)
$40,000
D) $144,104

48)
The risk free rate of interest is equal to the sum of the real rate of interest
plus an inflation risk premium.
A) True
B)
False

49)
The tax deductibility of interest lowers the cost of debt financing, thereby
causing the cost of debt financing to be lower than the cost of equity
financing.
A) True
B)
False

50)
If expected return is less than required return on an asset, rational investors
will
A) buy the asset, which will drive
the price up and cause expected return to reach the level of the required
return.
B)
sell the asset, which will drive the price down and cause the expected return
to reach the level of the required return.
C)
sell the asset, which will drive the price up and cause the expected return to
reach the level of the required return.
D)
buy the asset, since price is expected to increase.

51)
Tangshan China Company’s stock is currently selling for $80.00 per share. The
expected dividend one year from now is $4.00 and the required return is 13
percent. What is Tangshan’s dividend growth rate assuming that dividends are
expected to grow at a constant rate forever?
A)
8%
B)
9%
C) 10%
D)
11%

1)
Managerial financeA) involves tasks such as budgeting,
financial forecasting, cash management, and funds procurement.B)
involves the design and delivery of advice and financial products.C)
recognizes funds on an accrual basis.D)
devotes the majority of its attention to the collection and presentation of
financial data.2)
High cash flow is generally associated with a higher share price whereas higher
risk tends to result in a lower share price.A) TrueB)
False3)
When considering each financial decision alternative or possible action in
terms of its impact on the share price of the firm’s stock, financial managers
should accept only those actions that are expected to increase the firm’s
profitability.A)
TrueB) False4)
The wealth of corporate owners is measured by the share price of the stock.A) TrueB)
False5)
The profit maximization goal ignores the timing of returns, does not directly
consider cash flows, and ignores risk.A)
TrueB) False6
Stockholders expect to earn higher rates of return on investments of lower risk
and lower rates of return on investments of higher risk.A)
TrueB) False7)
The primary goal of the financial manager isA)
minimizing risk.B)
maximizing profit.C) maximizing wealth.D)
minimizing return.8)
Profit maximization as a goal is not ideal because it does NOT directly
considerA) risk and cash flow.B)
cash flow and stock price.C)
risk and EPS.D)
EPS and stock price.9)
An effective ethics program canA)
weakened corporate value.B)
had no effect on a corporation’s valueC) enhance a corporation’s value.D)
be thought of as unimportant to corporate owners.10)
Johnson, Inc. has just ended the calendar year making a sale in the amount of
$10,000 of merchandise purchased during the year at a total cost of $7,000.
Although the firm paid in full for the merchandise during the year, it has yet
to collect at year end from the customer. The net profit and cash flow from
this sale for the year areA) $3,000 and $10,000, respectively.B)
$3,000 and -$7,000, respectively.C)
$7,000 and -$3,000, respectively.D)
$3,000 and $7,000, respectively.11)
Marginal analysis states that financial decisions should be made and actions
taken only whenA)
demand equals supply.B)
benefits equal costs.C) added benefits exceed added costs.D)
added benefits are greater than zero.12)
One way often used to insure that management decisions are in the best interest
of the stockholders is toA)
threaten to fire managers who are seen as not performing adequately.B)
remove management’s perquisites.C) tie management compensation to the
performance of the company’s common stock price.D)
tie management compensation to the level of earnings per share.13)
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was passed in response toA)
insider trading activities.B) false disclosures in financial
reporting.C)
the decline in technology stocks.D)
all of the above14)
The key participants in financial transactions are individuals, businesses, and
governments. Individuals are net ________ of funds, and businesses are net
________ of funds.A)
demanders; suppliersB)
users; providersC) suppliers; demandersD)
purchasers; sellers15)
An efficient market is a market that allocates funds to their most productive
use as a result of competition among wealth-maximizing investors.A) TrueB)
False16)
The primary risk of mortgage-backed securities isA)
that the prices of housing will go down.B)
that the prices of housing will increase.C)
that the government will not be able to meet the guarantees on the cash flows.D) that homeowners may not be able
to, or choose not to, repay their loans.17)
The marginal tax rate represents the rate at which additional income is taxed.A)
TrueB) False18)
Retained earnings represent the cumulative total of all earnings retained and
reinvested in the firm since its inception.A) TrueB)
False19)
The stockholder’s annual report must includeA)
a statement of cash flows.B)
an income statement.C)
a balance sheet.D)
a statement of retained earnings.E) all of the above.20)
Gross profits are defined asA)
operating profits minus depreciation.B)
operating profits minus cost of goods sold.C)
sales revenue minus operating expenses.D) sales revenue minus cost of goods
sold.21)
A firm had the following accounts and financial data for 2005..jpg”> The
firm’s earnings available to common shareholders for 2005 wereA)
-$224.25B)
$195.40C) $302.40D)
$516.6022)
A firm had the following accounts and financial data for 2005..jpg”>The
firm’s net profit after taxes for 2005 was ________.A)
-$206.40B)
$213.80C) $320.40D)
$206.2523)
The firm’s creditors are primarily interested in the short-term liquidity of
the company and its ability to make interest and principal payments.A) TrueB)
False24)
Ratio analysis merely directs the analyst to potential areas of concern; it
does not provide conclusive evidence as to the existence of a problem.A) TrueB)
False25)
In ratio analysis, the financial statements being used for comparison should be
dated at the same point in time during the year. If not, the effect of
seasonality may produce erroneous conclusions and decisions.A) TrueB)
False26)
________ analysis involves the comparison of different firms’ financial ratios
at the same point in time.A)
Time-seriesB) Cross-sectionalC)
MarginalD)
Quantitative27)
The primary concern of creditors when assessing the strength of a firm is the
firm’sA)
profitability.B)
leverage.C) short-term liquidity.D)
share price28)
The analyst should be careful when conducting ratio analysis to ensure thatA)
the overall performance of the firm is not judged on a single ratio.B)
the dates of the financial statements being compared are the same.C)
audited statements are used.D)
the same accounting procedures were used.E) all of the above.29)
The current ratio provides a better measure of overall liquidity only when a
firm’s inventory cannot easily be converted into cash. If inventory is liquid,
the quick ratio is a preferred measure of overall liquidity.A)
TrueB) False30)
The ________ measures the percentage of each sales dollar remaining after ALL
expenses, including taxes, have been deducted.A) net profit marginB)
operating profit marginC)
gross profit marginD)
earnings available to common shareholdersTable 3.2Dana Dairy
Products Key Ratios.jpg”>Income StatementDana Dairy
ProductsFor the Year
Ended December 31, 2010.jpg”>Balance SheetDana Dairy
ProductsDecember 31, 2010.jpg”>31)
The current ratio for Dana Dairy Products in 2005 was ________. (See Table 3.2)A)
1.58B)
0.63C)
1.10D) 0.9132)
Since 2009, the liquidity of Dana Dairy Products ________. (See Table 3.2)A) has deterioratedB)
remained the sameC)
has improvedD)
cannot be determined33)
The inventory turnover for Dana Dairy Products in 2010 was ________. (See Table
3.2)A)
43B)
5C) 20D)
2534)
The average collection period for Dana Dairy Products in 2010 was (See Table
3.2)A) 32.5 days.B)
11.8 days.C)
25.3 days.D)
35.9 days.35)
If Dana Dairy Products has credit terms which specify that accounts receivable
should be paid in 25 days, the average collection period ________ since 2009.
(See Table 3.2)A) has deterioratedB)
remained the sameC)
has improvedD)
cannot be determined36)
The debt ratio for Dana Dairy Products in 2010 was ________.(See Table 3.2)A)
50 percentB)
11 percentC) 55 percentD)
44 percent37)
Dana Dairy Products’ gross profit margin was inferior to the industry standard.
This may have resulted from ________. (See Table 3.2)A)
a high sales price.B) the high cost of goods sold.C)
excessive selling and administrative expenses.D)
excessive interest expense.38)
The gross profit margin and net profit margin for Dana Dairy Products in 2010
were ________. (See Table 3.2)A) 13 percent and 0.9 percent,
respectively.B)
13 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively.C)
2 percent and 0.9 percent, respectively.D)
2 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively.39)
The return on total assets for Dana Dairy Products for 2010 was ________. (See
Table 3.2)A)
0.9 percentB)
5.5 percentC) 25 percentD)
2.5 percent40)
The return on equity for Dana Dairy Products for 2010 was ________. (See Table 3.2)A)
0.6 percentB)
5.6 percentC) 0.9 percentD)
50 percent41)
A corporationA)
must use the same depreciation method for tax and financial reporting purposes.B) must use different depreciation
methods for tax and financial reporting purposes.C)
may use different depreciation methods for tax and financial reporting
purposes.D)
must use different (than for tax purposes), but strictly mandated, depreciation
methods for financial reporting purposes.42)
Given the financial manager’s preference for faster receipt of cash flows,A)
a longer depreciable life is preferred to a shorter one.B) a shorter depreciable life is
preferred to a longer one.C)
the manager is not concerned with depreciable lives, because depreciation is a
non-cash expense.D)
the manager is not concerned with depreciable lives, because once purchased,
depreciation is considered a sunk cost.43)
A corporation sold a fixed asset for $100,000. This isA) an investment cash flow and a
source of funds.B)
an operating cash flow and a source of funds.C)
an operating cash flow and a use of funds.D)
an investment cash flow and a use of funds.44)
Pro forma statements are used forA) cash budgeting.B)
credit analysis.C)
profit planning.D)
leverage analysis.45)
The future value of $100 received today and deposited at 6 percent for four
years isA) $126.B)
$ 79.C)
$124.D)
$116.46)
The present value of $100 to be received 10 years from today, assuming an
opportunity cost of 9 percent, isA)
$236.B)
$699.C) $ 42.D)
$ 75.47)
Bill plans to fund his individual retirement account (IRA) with the maximum
contribution of $2,000 at the end of each year for the next 20 years. If Bill
can earn 12 percent on his contributions, how much will he have at the end of
the twentieth year?A)
$19,292B)
$14,938C)
$40,000D) $144,10448)
The risk free rate of interest is equal to the sum of the real rate of interest
plus an inflation risk premium.A) TrueB)
False49)
The tax deductibility of interest lowers the cost of debt financing, thereby
causing the cost of debt financing to be lower than the cost of equity
financing.A) TrueB)
False50)
If expected return is less than required return on an asset, rational investors
willA) buy the asset, which will drive
the price up and cause expected return to reach the level of the required
return.B)
sell the asset, which will drive the price down and cause the expected return
to reach the level of the required return.C)
sell the asset, which will drive the price up and cause the expected return to
reach the level of the required return.D)
buy the asset, since price is expected to increase.51)
Tangshan China Company’s stock is currently selling for $80.00 per share. The
expected dividend one year from now is $4.00 and the required return is 13
percent. What is Tangshan’s dividend growth rate assuming that dividends are
expected to grow at a constant rate forever?A)
8%B)
9%C) 10%D)
11%

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