10.What is the advantage of using a composite of indicators (such as the 10 leading indicators) oversimply using an individual indicator?12. Comment on whether each of the following three industries is sensitive to the business cycle.If it is sensitive, does it do better in a boom period or a recession?â¢ a.Automobilesâ¢ b.Pharmaceuticalsâ¢ c.Housing2.List the five stages of the industry life cycle. How does the pattern of cash dividend paymentschange over the cycle? (A general statement is all that is required.)3.Why might a firm begin paying stock dividends in the growth stage?9.For cyclical companies, why might the current P/E ratio be misleading?510.Assume D1 = $1.60, Ke = 13 percent, g = 8 percent. Using Formula 7â5 on page 168, for theconstant growth dividend valuation model, compute P0.Leland Manufacturing Company anticipates a nonconstant growth pattern for dividends.Dividends at the end of year 1 are $4.00 per share and are expected to grow by 20 percent peryear until the end of year 4 (thatâs three years of growth). After year 4, dividends are expected togrow at 5 percent as far as the company can see into the future. All dividends are to bediscounted back to present at a 13 percent rate (Ke = 13 percent).a.Project dividends for years 1 through 4 (the first year is already given). Round all values thatyou compute to two places to the right of the decimal point throughout this problem.b.Find the present value of the dividends in part a.c.Project the dividend for the fifth year (D5).d.Use Formula 7â5 on page 168 to find the present value of all future dividends, beginning withthe fifth yearâs dividend. The present value you find will be at the end of the fourth year. UseFormula 7â5 as follows: P4 = D5/(Ke ? g).e.Discount back the value found in part d for four years at 13 percent.f.Add together the values from parts b and e to determine the present value of the stock.1414.Mr. Phillips of Southwest Investment Bankers is evaluating the P/E ratio of Madison ElectronicsConveyors (MEC). The firmâs P/E is currently 17. With earning per share of $2, the stock price is$34.The average P/E ratio in the electronic conveyor industry is presently 16. However, MEChas an anticipated growth rate of 18 percent versus an industry average of 12 percent, so 2 willbe added to the industry P/E by Mr. Phillips. Also, the operating risk associated with MEC is lessthan that for the industry because of its long-term contract with American Airlines. For thisreason, Mr. Phillips will add a factor of 1.5 to the industry P/E ratio.he debt-to-total-assets ratiois not as encouraging. It is 50 percent, while the industry ratio is 40 percent. In doing hisevaluation, Mr. Phillips decides to subtract a factor of 0.5 from the industry P/E ratio. Otherratios, including dividend payout, appear to be in line with the industry, so Mr. Phillips will makeno further adjustment along these lines.However, he is somewhat distressed by the fact that thefirm only spent 3 percent of sales on research and development last year, when the industry normis 7 percent. For this reason he will subtract a factor of 1.5 from the industry P/E ratio.Despitethe relatively low research budget, Mr. Sanders observes that the firm has just hired two of thetop executives from a competitor in the industry. He decides to add a factor of 1 to the industryP/E ratio because of this.â¢ a.Determine the P/E ratio for MEC based on Mr. Phillipsâs analysis.â¢ b.Multiply this times earnings per share, and comment on whether you think the stockmight possibly be under- or overvalued in the marketplace at its current P/E and price.12.What might a high dividend-payout ratio suggest to an analyst about a companyâs growthprospects?13.Explain the probable impact of replacement-cost accounting on the ratios of return on assets,debt to total assets, and tim es interest earned for a firm that has substantial old fixed assets.5.A firm has assets of $1,800,000 and turns over its assets 2.5 times per year. Return on assets is 20percent. What is its profit margin (return on sales)?15.The Multi-Corporation has three different operating divisions. Financial information for each isas follows:a.Which division provides the highest operating margin?b.Which division provides the lowest after-tax profit margin?c.Which division has the lowest after-tax return on assets?d.Compute net income (after-tax) to sales for the entire corporation.e.Compute net income (after-tax) to assets for the entire corporation.f.The vice president of finance suggests the assets in the Appliances division be sold off for $10million and redeployed in Sporting Goods. The new $10 million in Sporting Goods will producethe same after-tax return on assets as the current $8 million in that division. Recompute netincome to total assets for the entire corporation assuming the above suggested change.g.Explain why Sporting Goods, which has a lower return on sales than Appliances, has such apositive effect on return on assets.